Water & Irrigation
Juan G. R., Juan G. R., Juan G. M. and Juan G. M. I., Hurricane Irma has brought destruction and death to the Caribbean, Cuba and Florida.
Water and Irrigation. Vol .: 8, No. 1: 11-13, September 2017, Spain.
Hurricane Irma has brought destruction and death to the Caribbean, Cuba and Florida. The Caribbean islands report 25 dead, Cuba 10 and Florida 8 for a total of 43 deaths, although the total number of deaths is increasing with those reported in Georgia and South Carolina. Total economic losses in the affected countries are estimated at more than 40 billion dollars as a result of damage to infrastructure, housing, tourist facilities, shops, communication routes, flooded agricultural and livestock areas. The temperature of oceans and seas has increased significantly in the last 30 years due to the effect of global warming and the El Niño phenomenon, which has increased the activity of cyclones, typhoons, tornadoes and tropical storms to become increasingly violent and destructive. The Caribbean including Cuba needs urgent humanitarian aid in the cleared areas.
On Sunday 10 at 2 AM the eye of the hurricane was between Cuba and Florida, attacking the cays of this, leaving great destruction and desolation in these. US President Donald Trump has approved the declaration of the state of disaster in Florida for the hurricane ‘Irma’, the declaration will allow the release of state funds to deliver aid to the victims and to support the reconstruction and repair of infrastructures.
At 2 AM on Monday, the hurricane was near Tampa, 25 miles south of Lakeland, then landed at 4 AM in Tampa-St. Petersburg region and penetrated in the afternoon through northwest Florida to continue through the State of Alabama.
Florida authorities had ordered the evacuation of more than 6.3 million people to the dangers of “life-threatening” floods. Many of the evacuees live in low-lying coastal areas and are vulnerable to storm surge. Although Miami began to feel Irma’s strikes from early Saturday, as the hours passed the winds became stronger and the rains more intense. The State of Florida reports 8 dead.
The rain was very intense and the wind very strong, one of the most terrifying factors was the sound of the wind. More than two million homes and businesses were without power in South Florida. In Miami, there were gusts of more than 200 kilometers per hour, the damages were numerous: fallen trees, some on vehicles and houses, flooded streets. On the west coast of Florida, authorities evacuated people to safer locations, many streets in Naples were completely flooded, roads were cut off, electrical disturbances, flooded areas, and wind and flood-damaged facilities and homes.
The National Hurricane Center says Irma’s eye is about 50 miles (80 km) southeast of Tampa and moves at a speed of 22 km / h. It is still a large hurricane, its winds with tropical storm force extend out 415 miles (665 km). This makes it possible to understand that while the cyclone in the waters of the Caribbean Sea would also cause floods and ravages in Miami on the southeast coast of the Atlantic Ocean.
Hurricane Irma that struck Cuba on Saturday 9 and unleashed heavy tornadoes in South Florida. The storm again raised its category to 4 as its eye approaches the Keys, at the southern end. The US National Hurricane Center said that the expected path of the hurricane continues to move westward, leaving its vortex just before the storm. west coast of Florida on its way to St. Petersburg, not Miami or Tampa.
Cuban authorities reported that there were 1.5 million people evacuated all over the island, more than 10,000 foreign tourists and several thousand Cuban vacationers were moved to safe places, telecommunications towers on the ground, trees felled on the roads, homes destroyed, damage to tourist centers, sea penetration in the north coast of the country, floods in different areas, large economic losses and 10 deaths.
Irma’s eye landed in Cuba on Friday, 8 in the Romano cayo, north of the province of Camagüey, Cuba’s driest zone, Guantánamo in the northwest reported rainfall of more than 400 mm. At around 9 pm this Friday, the destructive force of the hurricane was Category 5 – the highest, on the morning of Saturday 9 was established in category 4 and then moved to 3, moving around points near the coast of coastline to the northwest. Irma advanced at a speed of between 15 and 20 kph (9 to 12 mph) with winds of more than 200 kph (124 mph) in the provinces of Matanzas and Havana while heading northwest towards Florida.
The town of Manuel Tames in Guantánamo Province, where the flood of the river Dry as a consequence of the rains of Hurricane Irma that damaged the homes, where the most important was to preserve life. Photos: Lorenzo Crespo Silveira
Irma struck Cuba with deafening winds and an incessant rain that carried much destruction, accompanied by swells that pushed the water of the sea inland. The entire Caribbean needs urgent humanitarian aid including Cuba.
Hurricane Irma, the largest recorded in the Atlantic, has arrived on Friday to the south of the Bahamas with maximum winds up to 260 kilometers per hour. Shortly thereafter, Irma has fallen into the category of intensity 4 after losing some strength in the last hours, according to the National Center of Hurricanes of the United States.
In Puerto Rico there is a high swell, intense rains, powerful winds, fallen trees and streets flooded by Hurricane Irma. Haitian and Santo Domingo security forces will mobilize across the country in the wake of Hurricane Irma on Thursday, reports of fallen trees, damaged houses and flooded areas.
There are huge damages in tourist facilities, infrastructure and housing, there are huge economic losses in the islands of the Caribbean, which are heavily demolish by Hurricane Irma with a barometric pressure of 915 millibar on Wednesday 6, Islands need humanitarian aid urgent. There are 25 people killed in Anguilla, Barbuda, the French-Dutch island of St. Martin, St. Bartholomew, the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.
Floods, droughts, heat waves, melting of poles, global warming and rising sea temperatures with increasing intensity of cyclones, typhoons and tornadoes are common manifestations of climate change in which the impact of human activity greatly influences. The temperature of oceans and seas has increased significantly in the last 30 years due to the effect of global warming and the El Niño phenomenon, which has provoked tropical cyclones, typhoons, tornadoes and storms to become more violent and destructive.