Water & Irrigation
Juan G. R. The water situation in Spain.
Newspaper Information. Alicante. Spain, Pág.20, 25 / 8 / 2005.
The water situation in Spain in a year of severe drought, which leads to the needs of water users’ demand, can not be filled in its entirety but with limitations. In a year as dry as this result so far the year 2005, shows that: reservoirs have reduced their stocks of available water, groundwater dry Spain being operated on, the rivers have considerably reduced its flow, transfers are still insufficient, the desalination solve problems of water needs in certain areas, but they require large investments and high operating costs, that costly price of water. The ravages of drought have already caused losses of billions of euros, what are we going to do? , Hoped that in the future this is another drought and have again millionaire’s losses or prepare for the future and build more dams, regulator works, transfers, waterworks, recharging aquifer. , which are capable of regulating runoff in years of plenty to ensure more usable water in dry years.
Currently irrigation areas in the world are more than 290 million hectares, which reflects the importance of water in the sustainable development of mankind. Water resources of underground and surface hydrologic basins require efficient management and therefore should be clarified further volumes of water available, the systematic control of pollution and saline intrusion, and must take the necessary steps to prevent over-exploitation and ensure a rational use of water. The balance of each basin in the light of the current drought, can check out what is the real situation of our water resources and project in a plan of country hydraulic development’s short and long term, which deepens with more details on the solutions or alternatives works to be carried out in each basin and the material, human and financial resources, according to the plans of water demand of users in each Autonomous Community. It is necessary to conducted studies of the environmental impact of each work and whole, as well as assesses the economic losses for the construction of these, to determine the economic impact of the improvements made and assess the socio-economic transformations that the development plan hydraulic causes. Building Complex Water and transfers within the same basin and between different basins will allow a higher level of regulation of runoff and thus greater assurance of water available.
It is advisable to create infrastructure dedicated to water that can be group resources and existing institutions, as well as streamline decision-making in the various activities involved in developing the country’s water resources, with the possibility of establishing a National Institute of Hydraulic Resources, because the water is a vital resource for the people, agriculture, tourism, industry, electricity production and as an integral part of the environment.
It is also necessary to create more institutions involved mainly with the research and development related to water, energy saving, irrigation and drainage, use, reuse of wastewater and study of the water demand for various sectors of the national economy.